2011中考英语必背100条重点短语


来源太原家教吧 日期:2011年06月02日 点击:982次 分类家长课堂 上一篇中考英语备考 下一篇历年中考真题阅读完型核心...

  1. ~ down: put down放下 shut down把…关上cut down砍掉 come down下来、落下slow down 减缓、放慢 sit down坐下write down写下 get down下来,降落

  2. after ~: after all毕竟.终究 after that于是.然后day after day日复一日地one after another相继.挨次soon after不久以后the day after tomorrow后天name after根据……命名run after追赶

  3. ~ up (with): come up with找到、提出、赶上catch/keep up with赶上 wake up弄醒、醒来send up发射 open up开设、开办grow up长大 pick up拾起、捡起hands up/put up (raise)one\s hands举手eat up吃光 clean up打扫干净give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.放弃做某事

  4.到达:arrive at/in + n. (地方)=get to +n. (地方)=reach + n. (地方)=arrive / get +adv. (地方)

  5. ~ back: get…back退还,送回去.取回 give back归还come back回来 at the back of在…的后面on the way (back)home在回家路上

  6. at~: at least至少 at breakfast早餐时at once立刻,马上at school在上学 at the doctor’s在医务室at work在工作 at night在晚上 at noon中午be good at=do well in 善长 be bad at不善长laugh at嘲笑 not…at all一点也不at the age of在…岁时 at first起初at last=in the end=finally较后、终于at the beginning of (the 21st century)在21世纪初 at the end of 在…终点、结尾at Christmas在圣诞节 at the foot of在…脚下at the moment= now现在at any moment任何时候at times(sometimes)有时,偶尔at the same time同时

  7. for~: for example例如 for ever永远be good for对…有益 be bad for对…有害for long=for a long time长期for short简称 be short for是…的简称(be short of缺少)

  8. come ~: come true实现 come down下来come from=be from来自,出生于come in/into进入,进来 come on赶快,加油come over过来 come along走吧,过来,快点come up上来come out出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来

  9. even ~:even though=even if即使、虽然、尽管

  10. be ~ with/ ~ of : be pleased with对…感到满意be covered with被…覆盖be expected to do sth.被期望做某事be proud of 以…自豪 be afraid of害怕speak highly of 称赞hear of听说 / (hear from sb.收到某人的来信)of cause=certainly当然可以plenty of= a lot of许多(后面接可数或不可数名词)

  11.by ~ : by the way顺便说 (all) by oneself/on one’s own/alone单独,独自by the end of到…为至 one by one依次by the time=when(引起时间状语从句)到…的时候by air/plane乘飞机by bus/train/car乘公共汽车/火车/轿车(相关:catch a bus赶公交车get on/off the bus上/下车take a bus to…=go to …by bus乘车去…)by mistake错误地 by chance /by accident偶然

  12.do ~: do/try one’s best to do sth尽力做……do one’s homework做家庭作业do (the/some) shopping购物do the cooking烹饪 do some cleaning打扫do the/some washing洗衣服do sports做运动do with sb / sth.处理(=deal with) well done干得好

  13.early ~ : in the early morning一大早in the early spring初春 catch/miss the early bus赶上/错过早班车in my early days我幼年时期

  14. ~ to: make a contribution to doing sth贡献给、捐献make a telephone call to sb.=ring sb. up=give sb. a call=phone sb.给某人打电话connect A to B把A与B连接起来be close to靠近(某地) give birth to生(孩子)  lose to sb输给sb .

  15.either ~: either…or…或者…或者..on either side of the street街道任何一边(on each side of the street街道每一边on both sides of the street街道两边)

  16. ~ doing sth.: keep doing sth.不停地做某事(不间断的连续) keep on doing sth.坚持做某事(有间断的连续) practise doing sth.练习做某事enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事finish doing sth.做完某事go on doing sth.继续做某事(同一件事) avoid doing sth避免做某事have some trouble/difficulty /problems (in) doing sth做某事有麻烦

  suggest doing sth 建议做做某事mind doing sth 介意做某事

  17.go ~: go on to do sth.接着做某事(另一事)go straight along 沿着…一直往前走go up/down上升/下降 go for a walk/ride去散步/骑车go over复习 go shopping买东西go to the cinema去看电影 go well进展顺利go off to=leave for动身(出发)前往…go to work去上班 want a go 想试一试

  18. ~ about: talk about谈论 worry about担心How / What about…? …怎么样? think about考虑(相关:think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到think over仔细考虑 think out想出)

  19. ~ from: from door to door挨家挨户from time to time时时  from now on从今以后 from then on 从那以后be different from与…不同learn…from…向…学习borrow…from …从…借…(相关:lend…to…把…借给…)

  20.get ~: get dressed穿衣 get into进入get/be lost丢失 get off/on下/上车get on well with sb.与某人相处得好get out of从…出来 get warm 变暧get ready for +n.为…做准备get ready to do sth.准备做某事get well康复 get a chance 有机会、得到机会get/go to sleep(fall asleep)入睡(相关:be asleep睡着)

  21. look ~: look for 寻找 wait for等候look after=take care of照看look like看起来像 look the same看起来一样look over检查,复习 look through温习,检查look out小心,从里向外看 look up向上看,查(单词、电话号码等)look around环视 look forward to doing sth期望……

  22. ~ off: set off出发、动身 put off推迟 turn off关take off脱(衣),(飞机)起飞 jump off跳离keep off避开、不靠近… drop off放下(某物)

  23. half ~: half a kilo半千克 half an hour半小时in half分成两半one and a half hours=our hour and a half一小时半a year and a half(one and a half years)一年半

  24. ~ exercise:do eye/morning exercises做眼保健/早操take (more) exercise(多)参加体育锻炼an exercise book练习本

  25. ~ in: take part in参加 hand/turn in上交in hospital住院 in surprise吃惊地in the sun在阳光下(under the sun 天下,世界上;到底,究竟) in trouble处于困境in a minute/moment马上

  26. ~ on: feed on以…为主食 live on继续活着base on以…为根据 carry on坚持、继续下去and so on等等on the other hand另一方面on foot步行

  28.be ~介词:be famous for以..** be born出生be excited about +n./V-ing对…感到兴奋be interested in对…感兴趣be amazed at对..感到惊讶be busy with sth.=be busy doing sth.忙于…

  29.move ~: move away移开 move to(搬)移到…

  30.上网:search the Internet上网

  31.make ~: make sure 确信 make a dialogue编对话make a mistake犯错误(by mistake由于疏忽)make a noise吵闹 make faces做鬼脸make friends (with)和..交朋友make room for给..让地方 make tea沏茶  make money赚钱 make a decision作出决定

  32.used ~: used to do sth过去常常做某事be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事be used for doing sth.用作be used to do sth被用作……be used as 被当做……使用

  33. 丢三落四:leave sth+介词短语(in some place) 把…落在某处(此句型不能用forget)

  34. ~ to do sth.: forget to do sth.忘记去做某事encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事,decide to do sth.决定做某事allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事

  35.hear ~: hear sb. to do sth.=hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人(正在)做某事

  36. ~ with sth.: help sb.(to)do sth.=help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事 with one’s help在某人的帮助下  with pleasure非常乐意

  37. 值得…:be worth + money 值…钱be worth + doing sth. 值得做…

  38. ~ into: step into走进 pour into倒入…

  39. ~ first: for the first time第一次at first起初 a first language母语first of all首先

  40. ~ message: leave a message for sb.给某人留条give/take sb. a message给某人捎口信

  41. take ~: take photos/pictures 照像 take away拿走take out取出(work out算出) take care当心take medicine服药 take place发生take one’s temperature量体温take one’s time别着急 take a walk散步

  42. learn ~:learn by oneself=teach oneself自学learn… by heart背熟

  43. 国家:more developed countries发达国家less developed countries不发达国家developing countries发展中国家

  44. have ~: have a try尝试,努力(try out尝试、试验)find out/about找出,查明 have no idea不知道have a good/wonderful/great time玩得开心have a (bad)cold(重)感冒have a meeting/walk/watch开会/散步/比赛  have sports进行体育活动have nothing/sth. to do with与..无(有)关have/take one’s medicine服药

  45. 提供:offer sb sth.给某人提供某物provide sb with sth/provide sth for sb提供给某人某物

  46. 获奖:win first prize获一等奖

  47. 全世界:all over the world= around the world= throughout the world

  48. 各种各样的:all kinds of 各种各样的different kinds of不同种类的 a kind of 一种kind of 有点

  49. 既不…也不…:neither… nor

  50. 表示“并列”:not only … but also …,不但…而且…both… and … …和…都 either …or …或者…或者…whether …or …不论……还是……

  51. 越…越…:the more , the better 越多越好the taller, the better 越高越好

  52. 一生:all one’s life

  53. as ~ as : as soon as 一…就… as if 好像as soon as possible尽可能早地、尽快as well = too也 regard …as 把…当作…as much as至多,和…一样多 as little as至少 as along as只要as faras 就……来说,至于as well as 和,还,和……一样好

  54. 无论…:no matter where=wherever no matter how=however no matter what=whatever no matter who=whoever

  55. 从那以后,此后一直:ever since… since then (完成时的标志)

  56. ~ so : so far 到目前为止(完成时的标志) or so大约

  57. 表示“又,再”: another two hours=two more hours 又(再) 2个小时 a fifth apple

  58. 一周三次:three times a week

  59. ~ number :the number of…的数量a (large/good/great) number of =large numbers of =many许多,大量的

  60. less ~: less than少于 less and less 越来越少 more or less或多或少

  62. 直到…才…:not…until…

  63. like ~: be like/look like看起来像 feel like +n./V-ing想要like best较喜欢 would like to do sth想做…

  64.制造:be made of 由…制造be made from由…制成be made in+地点、某地制造be made by+人 由谁制造的

  65. ~ away: wash away冲走 run away逃跑 take away带走put away 把……收好

  66. ~ long: before long不久 long before=long ago很久以前for long =for a long time长期no longer = not any longer不再(no more = not any more)

  67. more ~: more or less = about或多或少,大约  more than = over多于,*过

  68. every ~: every year每年 every four years每隔四年every other day每隔一天everyday English/life日常英语/生活

  69. next ~: next to紧挨着 next door隔壁,邻居next year明年 next time下次

  70. 收到来信: receive/get/have a letter from sb.= hear from sb. 收到某人的来信

  71. 展览:on show = on display

  72. 充满…:be filled with = be full of

  73. 由于:thanks to = because of

  74. ~ day: some day =one day(将来)某一天 all day终日day and night 日日夜夜 in a day or two一两天内  (one or two days/a day or twoo一两天)in the old days从前,旧社会from day to day (day after day)日复一日he day before yesterday前天the day after tomorrow后天Tree Planting